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Cardio Thoracic and Vascular Surgery

Cardiac Surgery is performed to treat the diseases or complications of ischemic heart disease (for example, coronary artery bypass grafting), correct congenital heart disease, or treat valvular heart disease due to various causes including endocarditis and rheumatic fever.
Team Of Specialists:
Dr. Sushant Srivastava

Cardiac surgery is a medical procedure that aims to address various heart conditions such as congenital heart disease, ischemic heart disease (e.g., through coronary artery bypass grafting), and valvular heart disease resulting from endocarditis or rheumatic fever.

Cardiac Surgery Can Be Performed In The Following Diseases / Complications:

Coronary Artery Disease – Depending on the condition of your coronary arteries, your doctor may advise you to undergo bypass surgery wherein a healthy vein or artery from another part of your body is grafted to your coronary artery to create a bypass for improved blood flow to your heart muscles.
Valvular Heart Disease - Heart valves can be abnormally formed at birth or damaged by rheumatic fever or bacterial infection. Valves also can degenerate with the normal aging process.
Congenital Heart Disease - Some people are born with problems that may affect the heart and major blood vessels. Corrective surgery may occur in childhood or postponed until adulthood.
Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms - An aneurysm is a saclike bulging that can develop on the wall of a blood vessel. This bulging can become life threatening if not treated. The treatment options include stenting and open surgery.
Tumors of the Heart - A myxoma is the most common cardiac tumor, and is nearly always curable.

In order to diagnose and determine the treatment for a particular heart disease, the doctor obtains a complete medical history, performs a thorough physical exam and orders special diagnostic tests.

Major types of cardiac surgeries include coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG), heart valve surgery, minimally invasive surgical procedures, transmyocardial laser revascularization (TMR), congenital repairs and thoracic aortic aneurysm repair.

Open Heart Surgery:

When the patient's chest is opened and surgery is performed on the heart. The term "open" refers to the chest, not to the heart itself. The heart may or may not be opened depending on the particular type of surgery.

In open heart surgery a heart-lung machine is sometimes used to support the patient's circulation while the surgeon opens the chest and makes changes to the heart or the arteries on the surface of the heart. There are a variety of types of open-heart surgeries depending on the condition being treated and the overall health of the patient.

Special Care Units / Diagnostic Equipments / Facilities:

•Treadmill Test (TMT)
•Echocardiography (Colour Doppler)
•Stress Echocardiography
•24 Hour Holter Monitoring
•Ambulatory BP Monitoring
•Stress Thallium Test
•64 slice CT angiography
•Coronary and peripheral angiograph
•Electrophysiology Study
•Endovascular Suite (For the first time in India)
•Flat Panel Cath Labs with stent boost technology

Vascular Surgery:

Vascular surgery is a specialized medical field that manages diseases of the vascular system, including the arteries, veins, and lymphatic system. This can be done using various approaches, such as medical therapy, minimally-invasive catheter procedures, or surgical reconstruction.

Arterial diseases come in two main types, occlusive and aneurysmal disease. Occlusive disease, which narrows the arteries, can occur anywhere in the body, but can be more easily recognized when it happens in the legs or tummy, which can cause ulcers or gangrene, or in the neck arteries, which can cause a stroke.

Peripheral vascular disease is a common issue among smokers and patients who have undergone coronary stenting or bypass surgery. In addition, many people with long-standing diabetes develop vascular problems, which can lead to a greater risk of lower limb amputation. However, involving a vascular surgeon in such cases can prevent such outcomes. At Artemis Hospitals, we offer basic and advanced screening for vascular diseases.

Venous disease is often underestimated but is a serious concern. A clot in the deep veins can be life-threatening if it travels to the lungs. Clot formation is often associated with a lack of certain proteins in the blood or immobilization, or damage to the vessel lining. Any unilateral calf swelling accompanied by pain must be treated promptly.

Varicose veins are a common issue that can lead to skin changes, itching, and ulcers if left untreated. Lymphatic disease, which involves swelling of the legs, is mainly treated through conservative means.

Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is a serious condition that occurs when the blood supply to the heart is restricted, leading to a decrease in oxygen and nutrients to the heart muscle. This condition is typically caused by the buildup of plaque in the arteries, which can lead to blockages and decreased blood flow. Symptoms of IHD can include chest pain, shortness of breath, fatigue, and dizziness. If left untreated, Ischemic Heart Disease can lead to heart attack and other serious complications. There are many factors that can increase the risk of developing IHD, including high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, diabetes, obesity, and a family history of heart disease. To prevent IHD, it's important to maintain a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet, regular exercise, and avoiding tobacco and excessive alcohol consumption. 

Treatment for Ischemic Heart Disease  may include medications to reduce cholesterol and blood pressure, as well as procedures such as angioplasty or bypass surgery to restore blood flow to the heart. In some cases, lifestyle changes may be enough to manage the condition. If you suspect you may have IHD, it's important to seek medical attention right away. A healthcare provider can diagnose the condition and develop a treatment plan to help manage symptoms and reduce the risk of complications.

Cardio Thoracic Surgery is a medical specialty that deals with the surgical treatment of diseases related to the heart, lungs, and chest. It is a complex field that requires specialized skills and expertise to perform procedures safely and effectively. In this context, a Cardio Thoracic Surgeon is a medical specialist who is trained to perform surgery on the heart, lungs, and chest. Cardio Thoracic Surgery is used to treat a wide range of conditions such as coronary artery disease, heart valve disorders, lung cancer, emphysema, and chest trauma. It involves various procedures such as bypass surgery, valve repair or replacement, heart transplant, lung transplant, and thoracotomy.

If you are looking for a Cardio Thoracic Surgeon, it is important to find a specialist who is experienced and skilled in performing these complex surgeries. They should have a deep understanding of the intricacies of the heart, lungs, and chest, and be able to provide you with the highest level of care.

At Artemis Hospitals, we have a team of highly experienced Cardio Thoracic Surgeons who are dedicated to providing the best possible care to our patients. Our surgeons have extensive experience in performing complex surgeries, and are equipped with state-of-the-art technology and equipment to ensure the highest level of surgical precision and safety.

If you are in need of Cardio Thoracic Surgery, don't hesitate to contact us to schedule an appointment with one of our skilled Cardio Thoracic Surgeons. We are committed to providing you with the highest quality care, and to ensuring that your experience with us is as comfortable and stress-free as possible.

Looking for expert medical care in Vascular Surgery, Ischemic Heart Diseases, or Cardiac Surgery? Our hospital has a team of skilled and experienced specialists who are dedicated to providing the highest quality care to our patients. Whether you need treatment for a heart condition, lung disease, or chest trauma, our Cardio Thoracic Surgeons are equipped with state-of-the-art technology and equipment to ensure the highest level of surgical precision and safety. Trust us to provide you with expert care for all your cardiovascular needs. Contact us today to schedule an appointment and experience our commitment to excellence in medical care.