Acne is a disorder of the hair follicles and sebaceous glands. The glands become clogged leading to
pimples and cysts.
Actinic keratosis also known as a solar keratosis is a scaly or crusty bump that arises on the skin surface.
Atopic Dermatitis (Eczema)
Atopic dermatitis also called eczema is a hereditary and chronic skin disorder that causes a person’s skin
to itch, turn red and flake. It mostly affects infants or very young children.
Baldness also known as alopecia is hair loss or absence of hair.
Basal Cell Carcinoma
Basal cell cancer, sometimes called non-melanoma skin cancer, usually appears as a small, fleshy bump
or nodule on the head, neck, or hands. Occasionally, these nodules appear on the trunk of the body
usually as flat growths.
Birthmarks are areas of discolored and/or raised skin that are apparent at birth or within a few weeks of
birth. Birthmarks are made up of malformed pigment cells or blood vessels.
Candidiasis (Yeast Infection)
Candidiasis sometimes called moniliasis or a yeast infection is an infection caused by yeast on the skin
and/or mucous membranes.
Contact dermatitis is a physiological reaction that occurs after skin comes in contact with certain
Cradle Cap/Seborrheic Dermatitis
Also called cradle cap, seborrheic dermatitis in the infant is characterised by fine white scales.
Seborrheic dermatitis can also occur in the diaper area, face, neck, and trunk. Seborrheic dermatitis in
this age group usually clears within the first year.
Creeping eruption is a skin infection caused by hookworms which normally are found on dogs and cats.
Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma
Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma is a disease caused when T-lymphocytes become malignant and affect the
skin. T-lymphocytes are the infection-fighting white blood cells in the lymph system that kills harmful
bacteria in the body among other things.
Dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin. Dermatitis actually refers to a number of skin conditions that
inflame the skin.
Dermatitis herpetiformis is an intensely itchy skin disease characterized by eruptions of clusters of small
blisters or vesicles (small elevations of the skin containing fluid) and small bumps or papules (small,
solid, elevations on the skin).
Diaper dermatitis, commonly known as a diaper rash, is a term used to describe different skin rashes in
the diapered area. The rash is usually red, scaling and, rarely, ulcerated.
Dry skin is a very ordinary skin condition, usually characterized by irritated skin and itchiness. Dry skin
often worsens in the winter when the air is cold and dry.
Erythema multiforme is a skin disorder characterized by symmetrical, red, raised skin areas all over the
Erythema nodosum is characterized by tender, red bumps, usually found on the shins. Quite often
erythema nodosum is not a separate disease, but rather, a sign of some other disease or of sensitivity to
Excessive sweating also called hyperhidrosis can affect the entire body but usually occurs in the palms,
soles, armpits, and/or groin area.
Folliculitis and Carbuncles
Folliculitis is the inflammation of hair follicles due to an infection, injury, or irritation. Boils are pus-filled
lesions that are painful and usually firm. Carbuncles are clusters of boils.
Fungal Infections of the Skin
Skin fungi live in the dead, top layer of skin cells in moist areas of the body such as between the toes,
groin, and under the breasts. These fungal infections cause only a small amount of irritation.
Generalized Exfoliative Dermatitis
Generalized exfoliative dermatitis is a severe inflammation of the entire skin surface due to a reaction to
certain drugs, or as a result of complications from another skin condition.
Granuloma annulare is a chronic skin condition characterized by small, raised bumps that form a ring
with a normal or sunken center.
Shedding 50 to 100 hairs a day is normal. When a hair is shed, it is replaced by a new hair from the same
follicle and the growing cycle starts again. Scalp hair grows about one-half inch a month. As people age,
the rate of hair growth slows.
Impetigo is a superficial infection of the skin caused by bacteria.
An ingrown hair is a hair that curls and penetrates the skin with its tip causing inflammation.
Keratosis pilaris is a common skin disorder characterized by small, pointed pimples.
Melanoma is a disease of the skin in which cancer cells are found in the melanocytes, the cells that
produce color in the skin or pigment known as melanin.
Merkel Cell Cancer
Merkel cell cancer is also known as neuroendocrine cancer of the skin or trabecular cancer.
Pityriasis rosea is a mild, but common, skin condition characterized by scaly, pink, inflamed skin, which
can last from four to eight weeks and usually leaves no lasting marks.
Prickly heat is a skin rash caused by trapped sweat under the skin.
Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition characterized by inflamed, red, raised areas that often develop as
silvery scales on the scalp, elbows, knees, and lower back.
Characterized by redness, pimples and broken blood vessels, rosacea is a common skin condition that
usually only affects the face and eyes.
Scabies is an infestation of mites (tiny insects) characterized by small, red bumps and intense itching.
A scar is the body's natural way of healing and replacing lost or damaged skin.
Sebaceous cysts are harmless, slow-growing bumps under the skin often appearing on the scalp, face,
ears, back, or groin area.
Seborrheic dermatitis is an inflammation of the upper layers of skin characterized by red, itchy skin that
Shingles (Herpes Zoster)
Shingles or herpes zoster is a common viral infection of the nerves which results in a painful rash of
small blisters on an area of skin anywhere on the body.
Skin cancer is a malignant tumor that grows in the skin cells and accounts for more than 50% of all
Skin Pigment Disorders
Skin color is determined by a pigment, melanin made by specialized cells in the skin (melanocytes).
Some disorders which affect skin color are: albinism, melasma, pigment loss after skin damage and
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Squamous cell skin cancer (sometimes referred to as non-melanoma carcinoma) may appear as nodules
or as red, scaly patches of skin.
Staphylococcal Scalded Skin Syndrome
Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome is a response to a staphylococcal infection and is characterized by
Tinea Infections (Ringworm)
Different fungi depending on their location on the body cause ringworm. Ringworm is characterized by
ring-shaped, red, scaly patches with clearing centers.
Different fungi, depending on their location on the body cause ringworm. Ringworm is characterized by
ring-shaped, red, scaly patches with clearing centers.
Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis
Toxic epidermal necrolysis is a life-threatening skin disorder characterized by a blistering and peeling of
the skin. This disorder can be caused by a drug reaction frequently antibiotics or anticonvulsives.
Warts are non-cancerous skin growths caused by the papillomavirus.