An aneurysm is a bulging, weakened area in the wall of a blood vessel resulting in an abnormal widening
or ballooning greater than 50% of the normal diameter.
A cerebral aneurysm (also called an intracranial aneurysm or brain aneurysm) is a bulging, weakened
area in the wall of an artery in the brain resulting in an abnormal widening or ballooning. Because there
is a weakened spot in the artery wall, there is a risk for rupture of the aneurysm.
Chronic pain is long-standing pain that persists beyond the usual recovery period or occurs along with a
chronic health condition such as arthritis.
Chronic Venous Insufficiency
Chronic venous insufficiency occurs when the leg veins do not allow blood to travel back to the heart.
Claudication is the limping that occurs because of pain in the thigh, calf, and/or buttocks while walking.
Claudication may be a symptom of peripheral arterial disease.
Peripheral Vascular Disease
Peripheral vascular disease is a slow and progressive circulation disorder. It may involve disease in any of
the blood vessels outside of the heart and diseases of the lymph vessels, i.e., the arteries, veins, or
A pulmonary embolism is a blood clot that develops in a blood vessel elsewhere in the body (most
commonly from the leg), travels to an artery in the lung and forms a blockage of the artery.
Renal Vascular Disease
Renal vascular disease is the name given to a variety of complications that affect the arteries and veins
of the kidneys.
Stroke also called brain attack occurs when blood flow to the brain is disrupted.
Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm
A thoracic aortic aneurysm is the bulging, weakened area in the wall of the thoracic aorta (the largest
artery in the body) resulting in an abnormal widening or ballooning.
Thrombosis occurs when clots block veins (blood vessels that carry blood from the body back into the
heart) or arteries (blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood away from the heart to the body).
Varicose veins are enlarged veins that are visible through the skin and may appear as blue or purple
twisted, knot-like cords.