An adjustment disorder is defined as an emotional or behavioral reaction to an identifiable stressful
event or change in a person's life that is considered maladaptive or somehow not an expected, healthy
response to the event or change.
Alzheimer's disease is a progressive, neurodegenerative disease that occurs when nerve cells in the
brain die, often resulting in symptoms such as impaired memory, thinking and behavior.
Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder
ADHD, also called attention-deficit disorder, is a behavior disorder, usually first diagnosed in childhood
and is characterized by inattention, impulsivity, and, in some cases, hyperactivity.
Behavior disorders include mental health problems with a focus on behaviors that both identify
emotional problems and create interpersonal and social problems for children and adolescents in the
course of their development.
Binge Eating Disorder
Binge eating disorder is an illness that resembles bulimia nervosa and is characterised by episodes of
uncontrolled eating or bingeing.
Bulimia nervosa, also called bulimia is uncontrolled episodes of overeating, usually followed by self-
induced vomiting, misuse of laxatives, enemas, or medications to control weight.
Conduct disorder is a behavior disorder, sometimes diagnosed in childhood, that is characterised by
antisocial behaviors which violate the rights of others and age-appropriate social standards and rules.
A depressive disorder is a whole-body illness, involving the body, mood, and thoughts, and affects the
way a person eats and sleeps, feels about him/herself and things.
Dysthymia, also known as dysthymic disorder, is classified as a type of affective disorder (also called
mood disorder) that often resembles a less severe, yet more chronic form of major (clinical) depression.
The term eating disorders refers to a variety of disorders. The common feature of all the eating
disorders is abnormal eating behaviors. Eating disorders are serious mental health problems and can be
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Generalized anxiety disorder causes its sufferers chronic and exaggerated worry and tension that seem
to have no substantial cause.
Major depression or clinical depression or unipolar depression is classified as a type of affective disorder
or mood disorder that goes beyond the day's ordinary ups and downs becoming a serious medical
condition and important health concern in this country.
Manic Depression / Bipolar Disorder
Manic depression also known as bipolar disorder, is classified as a type of affective disorder or mood
disorder that goes beyond the day's ordinary ups and downs becoming a serious medical condition and
important health concern in this country.
Mental Health Disorders in Children and Teens
Many children and adolescents have mental health problems that interfere with their normal
development and daily life activities. Some are mild, while others are more severe.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Obsessive-compulsive disorder is an anxiety disorder in which a person has an unreasonable thought,
fear, or worry that he or she tries to manage through a ritualized activity to reduce the anxiety.
Oppositional Defiant Disorder
Oppositional defiant disorder is a behavioral disorder, usually diagnosed in childhood that is
characterized by uncooperative, defiant, negativistic, irritable and annoying behaviors toward parents,
peers, teachers and other authority figures.
Panic disorder is characterized by chronic, repeated and unexpected panic attacks or bouts of
overwhelming fear of being in danger when there is no specific cause for the fear.
Persons with a personality disorder display more rigid and maladaptive thinking and reacting behaviors
that often disrupt their personal, professional and social lives.
A phobia is an uncontrollable, irrational and persistent fear of a specific object, situation, or activity.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating condition that often follows a terrifying physical or
emotional event, causing the person who survived the event to have persistent, frightening thoughts
and memories, or flashbacks of the ordeal.
Schizophrenia is the most complex of all mental health disorders. It involves a severe, chronic, and
disabling disturbance of the brain.
Seasonal Affective Disorder
Seasonal affective disorder or SAD is a mood disorder characterised by depression related to a certain
season of the year, especially winter.
Substance Abuse / Chemical Dependency
There are three different terms used to define substance-related disorders, including substance abuse,
substance dependence, and chemical dependence.