Analgesic nephropathy is a chronic kidney disease that gradually leads to end stage renal disease and
requires permanent dialysis or a kidney transplant.
Chronic pain is long-standing pain that persists beyond the usual recovery period or occurs along with a
chronic health condition such as arthritis.
Diabetic Nephropathy (Kidney Disease)
Nephropathy is the deterioration of the kidneys. The final stage of nephropathy is called end-stage renal
disease or ESRD.
End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD)
Renal failure refers to temporary or permanent damage to the kidneys that result in loss of normal
Glomerulonephritis is a type of glomerular kidney disease in which the kidneys' filters become inflamed
and scarred and slowly lose their ability to remove wastes and excess fluid from the blood to make
Glomerulosclerosis is the term used to describe scarring that occurs within the kidneys in the small balls
of tiny blood vessels called the glomeruli.
Goodpasture syndrome is a rare, autoimmune disease that can affect the lungs and kidneys.
Hematuria (Blood in the Urine)
Hematuria is the presence of red blood cells (RBCs) in the urine.
Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome
Hemolytic uremic syndrome is a rare condition that mostly affects children under the age of 10. It is
often characterized by damage to the lining of blood vessel walls, destruction of red blood cells and
Hyperparathyroidism is caused by overactive parathyroid glands. Overactive parathyroid glands produce
too much parathyroid hormones which in turn stimulate increased levels of calcium in the blood stream.
Hyperthyroidism means over activity of the thyroid gland resulting in too much thyroid hormone in the
Immunoglobulin A (IgA) Nephropathy
IgA nephropathy is a chronic kidney disease that may progress over a period of 10 to 20 years and can
lead to end-stage renal disease.
Kidney cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the cells in the kidney. The two most common types of
kidney cancer are renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the renal pelvis.
These names reflect the type of cell from which the cancer developed.
Nephrotic syndrome is a condition often characterized by very high levels of protein in the urine, low
levels of protein in the blood, swelling, especially around the eyes, feet, and hands, as well as high
The following problems are often associated with a neurogenic bladder - urine leakage, urine retention,
damage to the tiny blood vessels in the kidney and infection of the bladder or ureters.
Polycystic Kidney Disease
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a genetic disorder characterized by the growth of numerous cysts filled
with fluid in the kidneys.
Renal Vascular Disease
Renal vascular disease is the name given to a variety of complications that affect the arteries and veins
of the kidneys.