Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
An abdominal aortic aneurysm also called AAA or triple A, is a bulging, weakened area in the wall of the
aorta (the largest artery in the body) resulting in an abnormal widening or ballooning greater than 50%
of the normal diameter.
Angina pectoris (or simply angina) is recurring chest pain or discomfort that happens when some part of
the heart does not receive enough blood and oxygen.
Aortic stenosis is a narrowing of the opening of the heart’s aortic valve which obstructs blood flow from
the heart to the rest of the body.
Arrhythmias are heart rhythm disorders that may originate in the atria (the receiving chambers of the
heart) or the ventricles (the pumping chambers of the heart).
Atherosclerosis is a thickening or hardening of the arteries caused by a build-up of plaque in the inner
lining of an artery.
Atrial fibrillation is a type of arrhythmia where the electrical signals in the atria (the two small chambers
of the heart) are fired in a very fast and uncontrolled manner.
Cardiomyopathy is any disease of the heart muscle in which the heart loses its ability to pump blood
Carotid Artery Disease
Carotid artery disease also called carotid artery stenosis occurs when the carotid arteries the main blood
vessels that carry oxygenated blood to the brain become narrowed.
Congenital Heart Defects
Congenital heart defects occur when the heart or related blood vessels do not develop properly before
or at birth.
Coronary Heart Disease
Coronary heart disease occurs when cholesterol builds up within the walls of the heart’s arteries
(coronary arteries) forming what is called plaque.
A heart attack occurs when one or more regions of the heart muscle experience a severe or prolonged
lack of oxygen caused by blocked blood flow to the heart muscle.
Heart failure also called congestive heart failure is a condition in which the heart cannot pump enough
oxygenated blood to meet the needs of the body's other organs.
Heart murmurs are additional sounds made by blood flowing through the heart as it beats. Many
murmurs are harmless (innocent), but some abnormal murmurs might signal a heart problem.
Heart Valve Diseases
The heart’s valves can have one of two malfunctions - regurgitation (when the valve does not
completely close) or stenosis (a narrowing of the valve).
High Blood Pressure / Hypertension
Blood pressure, measured with a blood pressure cuff and stethoscope by a nurse or other health care
provider is the force of the blood pushing against the artery walls.
Metabolic syndrome is a condition that includes the presence of a cluster of risk factors specific for
cardiovascular disease. Metabolic syndrome significantly raises the risk of developing diabetes, heart
disease and/or stroke.
Mitral Valve Prolapse
This detailed overview of mitral valve prolapse covers causes, symptoms and diagnosis along with
surgical treatments such as mitral valve repair.
Obesity increases the risk for many diseases, especially heart disease, stroke, cancer, and diabetes.
Pericarditis is inflammation of the pericardium, the thin sac (membrane) that surrounds the heart.
A pulmonary embolism is a blood clot that develops in a blood vessel elsewhere in the body (most
commonly from the leg) travels to an artery in the lung and forms an occlusion (blockage) of the artery.
Rheumatic Heart Disease
Rheumatic heart disease is a condition in which permanent damage to heart valves is caused by
Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm
A thoracic aortic aneurysm is a bulging, weakened area in the wall of the thoracic aorta (the largest
artery in the body) resulting in an abnormal widening or ballooning.