Brain, Spine and Nervous System
Acute Spinal Cord Injury
Acute spinal cord injury (SCI) is a traumatic injury that results in a bruise, partial tear, or a complete tear
in the spinal cord.
Alzheimer's disease is a progressive, neurodegenerative ailment that occurs when nerve cells in the
brain die often resulting in symptoms such as impaired memory, thinking and behavior.
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a terminal neurological disorder characterised by progressive
deterioration of nerve cells in the spinal cord and brain.
Aphasia is a language disorder caused by damage in a specific area of the brain that controls language
expression and comprehension and leaves a person unable to communicate effectively with others.
Ataxia causes a failure of muscle control in the arms and legs which may result in a lack of balance,
coordination and possibly a disturbance in walk.
Bell's palsy is an unexplained episode of facial muscle weakness or paralysis that begins suddenly and
worsens over three to five days. This condition results from damage to the 7th (facial) cranial nerve and
pain and distress usually occurs on one side of the face or head.
A brain tumor is an abnormal growth of tissue in the brain. The tumor either originates in the brain itself
or come from another part of the body and travel to the brain (metastasize). Brain tumors may be
classified as either benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous) depending on their nature.
Chronic pain is long-standing pain that persists beyond the usual recovery period or occurs along with a
chronic health condition, such as arthritis.
Craniosynostosis (Craniofacial Anomaly)
Craniosynostosis is a condition in which sutures close too early causing problems with normal brain and
Epilepsy and Seizures
Epilepsy is a neurological condition involving the brain that makes people more susceptible to having
Gastroparesis is a stomach disorder in which the stomach takes too long in emptying its contents.
Gaucher disease is an inherited Lysosomal storage disorder.
Guillain-Barré syndrome is a neurological disorder in which the body's immune system attacks part of
the peripheral nervous system.
A head injury is a broad term that describes a vast array of injuries that occur to the scalp, skull, brain,
and underlying tissue and blood vessels in the head.
A headache is pain or discomfort in the head or face area.
Landau-Kleffner syndrome (also called infantile acquired aphasia, acquired epileptic aphasia or aphasia
with convulsive disorder) is a language disorder characterized by the gradual or sudden loss of the ability
to use or comprehend spoken language.
Ménière's disease is a balance disorder caused by an abnormality found in a section of the inner ear
called the labyrinth.
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic disease of the central nervous system. It is thought to be an
autoimmune disorder. It is an unpredictable condition that can be relatively benign, disabling, or
Muscular Contraction and Tension Headaches
Tension headaches are the most common type of headache. Stress and muscle tension are often factors
in tension type headaches.
Myasthenia gravis is a complex, autoimmune disorder in which antibodies destroy neuromuscular
connections. This causes problems with the voluntary muscles of the body, especially the eyes, mouth,
throat, and limbs.
Narcolepsy is a chronic, genetic neurological sleep disorder with no known cause. It involves the body's
central nervous system.
Neurocutaneous syndrome is a broad term for a group of neurologic disorders that can cause tumors to
grow inside the brain, spinal cord, organs, skin and skeletal bones.
Parkinson's disease is a slowly progressing, degenerative disease that is associated with symptoms such
as tremor or trembling of the arms, jaw, legs and face, stiffness or rigidity of the limbs and trunk,
bradykinesia (slowness of movement), postural instability or impaired balance and coordination.
Restless Legs Syndrome
Restless legs syndrome is a sleep disorder in which a person experiences unpleasant sensations in the
Sleep apnea is a serious breathing disorder that causes brief interruptions of breathing during sleep.
Snoring is the sound that occurs during sleep when flow of air is obstructed in the area where the
tongue and upper throat meet the soft palate and uvula.
Spasmodic dysphonia also called laryngeal dystonia is a voice disorder. It is characterized by involuntary
spasms or movements in the muscles of the larynx, which causes the voice to break and have a tight,
strained or strangled sound.
Stroke also known as brain attack, occurs when blood flow to the brain is disrupted.
Stuttering sometimes referred to as stammering or diffluent speech, is a speech disorder.
Vascular Headaches and Migraines
This throbbing type of headache is distinguished by the fact that symptoms other than pain occur with