is a country known for its diversity, culture, food, and knack for living
larger than life. However, there is one aspect of the country that isn’t talked
about too often – the issue of heart diseases.
to a report by the World Health
Organization (WHO), around 35,40,000 people in the country die due to
cardiovascular diseases. What is worse is that the majority of deaths are
caused to the younger population of the country. Studies also suggest that Indians
suffer from the highest rates of coronary artery diseases in the world. They
also show that the country’s standard CVD (cardiovascular disease) death rate is
higher than the global average with the states of Tamil Nadu, Punjab, and
Kerela having the highest CVD rates.
is a cause of major concern and it is important for every citizen of the
country to talk about the same openly. In order to deal with the
ever-increasing issue of heart diseases in the country, it is important to
understand what heart diseases are, how they are caused, and what one can do to
us start with the basics.
What Is A Heart Disease?
diseases” is a term used to refer to a range of different heart-related
diseases an individual can suffer from. It covers a wide spectrum of diseases
from trivial issues to fatal concerns. Essentially, every heart disease would
ultimately turn out to be fatal if it is not given the required attention and
care. It is, therefore, important to identify these diseases, cure them, and
take adequate preventive measures to deal with the prevailing issue of heart
diseases in the country.
What Are The Different Types Of Heart Diseases?
is important to understand the different types of heart diseases to know the
course of action to be followed and preventive measures to be taken. The most
common types of heart diseases prevalent in India include:
Valvular Heart Diseases
the name suggests, valvular heart diseases are diseases that affect one of the
four valves of the heart, namely mitral, aortic, tricuspid, and pulmonary
valves. These diseases are caused mainly to people who are fairly older in age,
typically above the age of 65.
heart diseases affect the normal functioning of the valves by making them
hardened or thinner, ultimately affecting the blood flow within the body. Major
symptoms of these diseases include swollen ankles, fainting, fatigue, and
palpitations in the feet or ankles.
Rheumatic Heart Diseases
are chronic heart diseases common in the country that are caused due to
rheumatic fever. Rheumatic heart diseases attack the connective tissues of the
patients, including valves and joints. Although these heart diseases can occur
at any age, they are predominantly found in children.
symptoms of rheumatic heart diseases include irregular heart rate, fatigue,
chest pain, weakness, rashes, and pain in specific joints.
Hypertensive Heart Diseases
heart diseases are some of the most commonly encountered issues across the
country. They involve an abnormal increase in blood pressure, resulting in the
damage of blood vessels and normal functioning of the heart.
the name suggests, cerebrovascular disease is a disease that involves a
restricted flow of blood to the brain. These diseases are caused due to
hardening of the artery walls because of excessive fat deposits, a condition
known as atherosclerosis.
most common sign of a serious heart problem here is the thickening of arteries
and accumulation of fat within them. These heart diseases can be identified by
a blood clot in an artery of the brain, and abnormal lipid profile, or a blood
clot in the vein of the brain. Some of the common preventive measures for the
cerebrovascular disease include switching to a healthy diet, regular
exercising, and other relevant lifestyle changes.
Heart Diseases Due To Abnormal Heart Rhythm
is the most common heart disease caused to patients in India due to abnormal
rhythms of the heart. This may involve the patient’s heart either beating too
slow (bradycardia) or too fast (tachycardia). While some arrhythmia-based heart
conditions can lead to emergencies, others are relatively harmless. However, it
is important to consult a doctor as soon as you experience symptoms associated
with irregular heartbeats, such as shortness of breath, chest pain, dizziness,
Diseases Caused By Heart Wall Defects
lot of heart diseases can be caused due to a defect in the heart walls. Many
congenital heart diseases can be included in this category. In the case of
patients suffering from these diseases, the walls between the left and right
chambers of their hearts are not formed properly. This results in the blood
flowing into other heart chambers, ultimately putting more pressure on their
hearts. These diseases are often associated with lower birth weight, delayed
growth, breathlessness, and other related symptoms.
Coronary Heart Diseases
called ischemic heart diseases, coronary heart diseases are caused due to a
build-up of plaque on the walls of the coronary arteries responsible for
supplying blood to the patient’s heart. The build-up results in the arteries
getting narrower, leading to lesser blood reaching the heart. This ends up
putting more pressure on the patient’s heart, resulting in symptoms like
shortness of breath, chest pain, or even a heart attack if the arteries get
of the most common risks that may lead to coronary heart diseases include
obesity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, and diabetes.
Inflammatory Heart Diseases
heart diseases are caused due to the inflammation of the membrane surrounding
the heart known as the pericardium. They can also be caused due to fungal or
bacterial infections, radiation therapy, cancer, or inflammation of the heart
symptoms of these heart diseases include pain in the left side of the heart,
anxiety, fatigue, dry cough, and difficulty in breathing.
What Are The Causes Of Heart Diseases In India?
that we have understood the different types of heart diseases patients may
encounter in the country, let us have a look at the major causes of these
is no secret that Indians love their food! A lot of our food contains oil,
butter, and other ingredients that are high in carbohydrates and fats. Obesity
is one of the most common causes of heart diseases in the country. Obesity
leads to higher cholesterol levels in the body which may result in
complications such as the arteries getting clogged. Being overweight or obese
may also result in other major symptoms of heart diseases such as high blood
pressure and diabetes.
is another risk factor caused due to unhealthy eating habits. High LDL
cholesterol levels in your body may be indicators of impending heart diseases. This
results in the thickening of artery walls and hypertension, affecting the
circulation of blood to and from the heart.
LDL cholesterol and low HDL cholesterol levels in your body may clog your
arteries, leading to a range of health complications. In most cases, it is too
late when the patients realise that the LDL cholesterol levels in their bodies
have exceeded the normal limits and they are already on the brink of heart
diseases. The only way of dealing with such issues is to get regular health check-ups
done and keep the cholesterol levels under control.
is certainly injurious to health and may lead to heart diseases. Excessive
smoking increases the level of triglycerides in the blood, making it thick and
sticky. This makes it difficult for the heart to pump blood and may result in
the clogging of arteries. Smoking also causes other heart complications such as
an unhealthy build-up of plaque, cholesterol, fat, and calcium.
good number of heart diseases in the country are caused due to excessive
alcohol consumption. While it may seem harmless at first as alcohol is often
regarded as a blood thinner, excessive drinking results in irregular
heartbeats, cardiomyopathy, and other heart-related issues. Over time,
excessive consumption of alcohol may lead to the thickening of arteries, giving
way to serious heart problems.
family history of heart disease also plays an important role in increasing the
risk factor. In most cases, patients having one or more family members with a
history of heart-related issues are likely to suffer from heart diseases at a
more severe stage. Also, this makes the concerned individual more vulnerable to
is generally observed that people above the age of 65 are more prone to
heart-related diseases. This is because over time, the build-up of plaque and
other fatty deposits within the arteries increases, making them more
vulnerable. This is the reason why the hearts of elderly people are said to
have been tired by making extra efforts to pump their blood.
The Final Word
diseases are very common in India and it is high time we start taking the issue
seriously. Right from taking preventive measures to being well-versed with the
symptoms, it is important to get educated about heart diseases and promote
healthy living in the country.
If you need more information about heart-related
diseases or want to get yourself (or your loved ones) diagnosed, let it be
known that Artemis Cardiac Care for your heart! Visit our website to have a
glimpse of our services and start your journey towards a healthier heart.